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ISLAM In Brief

 

*What is Islam

*Articles of Faith *Worship Practice *Code of Life

Articles of Faith:

1- A Muslim believes in One God: Allh, Superme and Eternal, Infinite and Mighty, Merciful and Compassionate, Creator and Provider.

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Allh has no father nor mother, no son nor daughter. He has not fathered anyone nor was He fathered. None equal to Him. He is God of all mankind, not of a special tribe or race.

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Allh is High and Supreme, but He is very near to the pious thoughtful believers; He answers their prayers and helps them. He loves the people who love Him and forgives their sins. He gives them peace, happiness, knowledge and success.

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Allh is the Loving and the Provider, the Generous and the Benevolent, the Rich and the Independent, the Forgiving and the Clement, the Patient and the Appreciative, the Unique and the Protector, the Judge and the Peace. Allhs attributes are mentioned in the Qurn.

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Allh creates in man the mind to understand, the soul and conscience to be good and righteous, the feelings and sentiments to be kind and humane. If we try to count His favors upon us, we cannot, because they are countless.

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In return for all the great favors and mercy, Allh does not need anything from us, because He is Needless and Independent.

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Allh asks us to know Him, to love Him and to enforce His Law for our own benefit and our own good.

2- A Muslim believes in all the Messengers and Prophets of Allh, without any discrimination.

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All Messengers were mortals; human beings endowed with Divine Revelations and appointed by Allh to teach mankind. 

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The Holy Qurn mentions the names of 25 Messengers and Prophets, and states that there are others. These include Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad. 

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Their message is the same and it is: Islm, and it all came from One and the Same Source: Allh, and it is to submit to His Will and obey His Law i.e. to become Muslims.  

3- A Muslim believes in all Scriptures and Revelations of Allh, as they were complete and in their original versions.

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Revelations were given to guide the people to the right path of Allh, The Qurn refers to the books revealed to Abraham, Moses , David, Jesus and Muhammad.

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Today. the books before the Qurn do not exist in their original form. They are either  lost, corrupted or concealed. Weakness and neglect in the early period of Judaism and Christianity are partly responsible .

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Today, the Qurn is the only authentic and complete book of Allh. No scholar has questioned the fact that Qurn today is the same as it was more than 1400 years ago. Muslims till today memorize the Qurn, word by word, as a whole or in part.

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Allh who revealed the Qurn has promised to protect it from being lost, corrupted or concealed; and so it was.

  4- A Muslim believes in the angels of Allh.

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  They are purely spiritual and splendid beings created by Allh. They require no food or drink or sleep. They have no physical desires nor material needs.

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Angels spend their time in the service of Allh. Each is charged with a certain duty.

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 Angels cannot be seen by the naked eyes. Knowledge and truth are not confined to sensory knowledge or sensory perception alone, because our senses, e.g. sight and hearing, are limited to detecting certain ranges of wavelengths, frequencies etc.

5- A Muslim believes in the Day of Judgment

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This world, as we know it, will come to an end; and the dead will rise to stand their final and fair trial.

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Everything we do, say, make, intend and think is accounted for and kept in accurate records. They are brought up on the Day of Judgment.

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People with good records will be generously rewarded and warmly welcomed to Allhs Heaven. People with bad records will be fairly punished and cast into Hell.

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The real nature of Heaven and Hell are known to Allh only, but they are described by Allh in mans familiar terms in the Qurn.

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If some good deeds are seen not to get full apperciation and credit in this life, they will receive full compensation and be widely acknowledged on the Day of Judgment.

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If some people who commit sins, neglect Allh and indulge in immoral activities; seem superficially successful and prosperous in this life, absolute justice will be done to them on the Day of Judgment.

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The time of the Day of Judgment is only known to Allh and Allh alone.

  6- A Muslim believes in Qad and Qadar.  

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  Qad and Qadar means the Timeless Knowledge of Allh and His Power to plan and execute His plans. Allh is not indifferent to this world, nor is He neutral to it.

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 Allh is Wise, Just and Loving; and whatever He does must have a good motive, although we may fail sometimes to understand it fully.

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We should have  strong faith in Allh and accept whatever He does, because our knowledge is limited and our thinking is based on individual consideration, whereas His Knowledge is limitless and He plans on a universal basis.

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Man should think, plan and make sound choices; but if things do not happen the way he wants, he should not lose faith and surrender himself to mental strains or shattering worries.

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7- A Muslim believes that the purpose of life is to worship Allh.

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Worshiping Allh does not mean that we spend our entire lives in constant seclusion and absolute  meditation. To worship Allh is to live our life according to His commands, not to run away from it.

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To worship Allh is to know Him, to love him, to obey His commands, to enforce His laws in every aspect of life, to serve His cause by doing right and shunning evil; and to be just to him, to ourselves and to our fellow human beings. 

8- A Muslim believes that man enjoys an especially high ranking status in the hierarchy of all known creatures.

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Man occupies this distinguished position because he alone is gifted with rational faculties and spiritual aspirations as well as powers of action.

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Man is not a condemned race from birth to death, but a dignified being potentially capable of good and noble achievements.

  9- A Muslim believes that every person is born Muslim.

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Every person is endowed by Allh with spiritual potential and intellectual inclination that can make him a good Muslim.

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Every persons birth takes place according to the will of Allh in realization of His plans and in submission to His commands.

10- A Muslim believes that every person is born free from sin.

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When the person reaches the age of maturity and if he is sane, he becomes accountable for all his deeds and intentions.

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Man is free from sin until he commits sin.

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There is no inherited sin, no original sin. Adam committed the first sin, he prayed to Allh for pardon and Allh granted Adam pardon.

11- A Muslim believes that man must work out his salvation through the guidance of Allh.

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No one can act on behalf of another to intercede between him and Allh.

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In order to obtain salvation a person must combine faith and action, belief and practice.

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 Faith without doing good deeds is as insufficient as doing good deeds without faith.
 

12- A Muslim believes that Allh does not hold any person responsible until he has shown him the Right Way.    

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If people do not know and have no way of knowing about Islm, they will not be responsible for failing to be Muslims.

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 It is the responsibility of every Muslim to preach Islm, in words and in action, to all mankind.

  13- A Muslim  believes that faith is not complete when it is followed blindly or accepted unquestioningly.

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Man must build his faith on well-grounded convictions, beyond any reasonable doubt and above uncertainty.

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Islm insures freedom to believe, and forbids compulsion in religion (many of the oldest synagogues and many of the oldest churches in the world are in the Muslim countries).

14- A Muslim believes that the Qurn is the word of Allh revealed to Prophet Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel.

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The Qurn was revealed from Allh on various occasions, to answer questions, solve problems, settle disputes; and to be mans best and permanent guide to the truth.

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The Qurn was revealed in Arabic and it is still in its original and complete Arabic version until today. It is memorized by millions.

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The style of the Qurn could not be matched or emulated with any human speech. Qurn includes, in precise terms, many specific references to modern scientific concepts; that were far beyond human knowledge at the time of its revelation. These include references to cosmic, geologic, meteorologic, medical, zoological and other domains of knowledge.

15- A Muslim believes in a clear distinction between the Qurn and the Traditions (Sunnah) of Prophet Muhammad.                

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Whereas the Qurn is the word of Allh, the Traditions of Prophet Muhammad (his teachings, sayings and actions) are the practical interpretations of the Qurn,

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Both the Qurn and the Traditions of (Sunnah) of Prophet Muhammad are the primary sources of knowledge in Islm.