ABC Islam Home Page
Explore

Discover: 1-Islam in Brief 2-Why Islam? 3-Call of Moses/Jesus
4-ABC Islam
5-Your Way to Islam

 Selections: *Islam & Modern Science
*Qur'an, Miracle of Miracles

*Muslim-Christian Dialogue
*Q/A

Study Glorious Qur'an *English Meaning *Reciting Tutor 
Qur'an, the Miracle: *Linguistic *Earth/Cosmos
*Life Sciences *Miscellaneous

Teach Yourself Islam: *Overview *Faith *Sources *Worship *Conduct *Law *Prophet's Biography
Muslim Practice: *Guidelines  *Charity

ISLAM In Brief

 

*What is Islam

*Articles of Faith *Worship Practice *Code of Life


Worship Practice:

bullet

Allh has laid down for a Muslim four major exercises of faith, some are daily, some weekly, some monthly, some annually and some are required as a minimum of once in a lifetime.

bullet

These exercises of faith are to serve mans spiritual purposes, satisfy his human needs and to mark his whole life with a Divine touch.

bullet

These major exercises of faith are:

1- Prayer (Salh)

2- Fasting (Siym)

3- Charity giving (Zakh)

4- Pilgrimage (Hajj)

 

1- Prayer (Salh):

bullet

Praying to the Creator, on a daily basis, is the best way to cultivate in  man a sound personality and to actualize his aspirations.

bullet

Allh, does not need mans prayer because He is free of all needs. Islamic prayers are for our benefit. The benefits are immeasurable and the blessings are beyond imagination.

bullet

In Islamic prayer, every muscle of the body joins the soul and the mind; in the worship and glory of Allh. Islamic prayer is an act of worship.

bullet

It is a matchless and unprecedented formula of intellectual meditation and spiritual devotion, of moral elevation and physical exercise; all combined.

bullet

Offering of prayers is obligatory upon every Muslim, male or female, who is sane, mature; and in case of women: free from menstruation or confinement due to child birth.

bullet

Requirements of prayers: Performing of ablution (Wud), purity of the whole body; clothes and ground used for prayer, dressing properly and declaring the intention and facing the Qiblah: the direction of the Al-Kabah in Mecca.

bullet

Obligatory prayers: Five daily prayers, the Fridays noon congregation prayer and the funeral prayer .

bullet

Highly recommended prayers: Those accompanying the obligatory prayers, and the two great festival prayers.

bullet

Optional prayers: Voluntary prayers during the day and night .

bullet

Times of obligatory prayers:

bullet

Early morning (Fajr): after dawn and before sunrise

bullet

Noon (Dhuhr): after the sun begins to decline from its zenith until it is about midway on its course to setting.

bullet

Mid-afternoon (Asr): after the expiration of the noon prayer time until sunset.

bullet

Sunset (Maghrib): immediately after sunset until the red glow in the western horizon disappears.

bullet

Evening (Ish): after the expiration of the sunset prayer until dawn.

bullet

Prayers should be offered in its due time, unless there is a reasonable excuse.

bullet

Delayed obligatory prayers must be made up.

bullet

Prayers involve prescribed physical motions, accompanied with saying mainly some parts of the Qurn,

bullet

In addition to the prescribed prayers, a Muslim expresses gratitude to Allh and appreciation of His favors and asks for His Mercy all the time.

bullet

Especially at times of for example: Child birth, marriage, going to or rising from bed, leaving and returning to his home, starting a journey or entering a city, riding or driving, before or after eating or drinking, harvesting, visiting graveyards and at time of distress and sickness.

 2- Fasting (Siym):

bullet

Fasting is abstaining completely from eating, drinking, intimate sexual contacts and smoking; from the break of dawn till sunset. It is a matchless Islamic institution which teaches man the principle of sincere love to Allh.

bullet

 Fasting teaches man a creative sense of hope, devotion, patience, unselfishness, moderation, wise savings, sound budgeting, willpower, mature adaptability, healthy survival, discipline, spirit of social belonging, unity and brotherhood.

bullet

 Obligatory fasting is done once a year for the period of the month of Ramadn; the ninth month of the Islamic (Lunar) year.

bullet

 Recommended fasting: every Monday and Thursday of every week, three days in the middle of each Islamic month, six days after Ramadn following the Feast Day, and a few days of the two months before Ramadn.

bullet

 Fasting of Ramadn is a worship act which is obligatory on every adult Muslim, male or female; if he/she is mentally and physically fit and not on a journey.

bullet

 Exception: Women during their period of menstruation and while nursing their child, and also in case of travel and sickness.

 3- Charity Giving (Zakh):

bullet

It is an act of worship and spiritual investment.

bullet

 The literal meaning of Zakh is purity and it refers to the annual amount, in kind or coin, which a Muslim with means must distribute among the rightful beneficiaries.

bullet

Zakh does not only purify the property of the contributor but also purifies his heart from selfishness and greed.

bullet

 It also purifies the heart of the recipient from envy and jealousy, from hatred and uneasiness; and it fosters instead: good-will and warm wishes for the contributors.

bullet

Zakh has a deep humanitarian and socio-political value; for example, it frees the society from class warfare, from ill feelings and distrust, and from corruption.

bullet

 Every Muslim , male or female, who at the end of the year is in possession of the equivalent of 85 gm of gold (approx. $750 in the year 2001) or more, in cash or articles of trade, must give Zakh at the minimum rate of 2.5%.

bullet

 Zakh is paid on the net balance after paying personal expenses, family expenses, due credits, taxes.. etc.

bullet

 The recipients of Zakh are: The poor, the needy, the new Muslim converts, the Muslim prisoners of war (to liberate them), and Muslims in debt. Also, employees appointed to collect Zakh, Muslims in service of research or study or propagation of Islm, and wayfarers who are foreigners in need of help; are entitled to receive Zakh.

bullet

 Taxes paid to governments do not substitute for this religious duty. A contributor should not seek pride or fame, but if disclosing his name and his contribution is likely to encourage others, it is acceptable to do so.

 4- The Pilgrimage (Hajj):

bullet

 It is a pilgrimage to Mecca, at least once in a lifetime; and it is obligatory upon every Muslim, male and female, who is mentally, physically and financially fit.

bullet

 It is the largest annual convention of faith on earth

bullet

(3 millions in the year 2001).

bullet

 Peace is the dominant theme. Peace with Allh, with ones soul, with another, with all living creatures. To disturb the peace of anyone or any creature in any shape or form is strictly prohibited.

bullet

 Muslims from all walks of life, from every corner of the globe assemble in Mecca in response of the call of Allh. They go there in glory of Allh, not to worship a man. It is to remember the grand assembly of the Day of Judgment when people will stand equal before Allh.

bullet

 It is also to commemorate the Divine rituals observed by Prophet Abraham and his elder son Ishmael, who were the first pilgrims to the first house of Allh on earth, i.e. Al-Kabah.

bullet

 Visiting the mosque of Prophet Muhammad at Al-Madnah is highly recommended; but not essential in making the Hajj vaild and complete.