3. Personal Life
Messenger of Allâh,
during his 23-years mission has set a human model, as well as detailed
teachings, that touched on all aspects of moral behavior. A Muslim is shown
how to be honest, truthful, sincere, charitable, modest, merciful, just,
chaste, timid, fidel, and fulfilling his promise. On the other hand, a Muslim
should avoid everything opposite to these tributes; as well as: envy,
hypocricy, or false flattering, ridicule, obscenity, backbiting, calumny, and
knowledge, based on clear proofs and indisputable evidence, acquired by
experience or experiment or both. The Qur’ân
points to the rich sources of knowledge in the whole universe.
demands faith in Allâh
on the basis of knowledge and research, and leaves wide open all fields of
thought before the intellect; to penetrate as far as it can reach. There is
no church-like institution in Islâm.
is not monopolized by any sort of clergy. Every Muslim is individually
requested to seek knowledge and to act accordingly.
and cleanliness, a healthy diet, proper clothing, proper behavior and good
healthy sexual relations within marriage.
foods and drinks are prohibited. These include alcohol and similarly all
narcotics, as well as meat of dead or improperly slaughtered animals, and of
beasts, swine (pork) and blood poured out. Proper hygienic practices for food
handling, hands and mouth cleanliness, as well as moderation in food intake
are only some of the teachings of Islâm.
family is a human social group, whose members are bound together by the bond
of blood ties and/or marital relationship and nothing else (adoption,
mutual alliance, common law, trial marriage … etc.). Parents, and specially
mothers, are given fullest respect in Islâm,
even if they are different in faith.
is a religious duty on all who are capable of meeting its responsibilities.
Each member of the family has rights and obligations. Marriage contract
cannot be valid without the complete free consent of both spouses. The
husband is fully responsible to support his wife, even if she is wealthy. He
has no right to interfere with the way she manages her own property.
(up to four wives) is permissible only to cope with special circumstances,
but conditional to the husband being capable to meet the essential needs of
his wives and to secure just equality in treatment, which is not easy to
everyone. Divorce is resorted to, only as a last solution, if all attempts to
reconciliation have failed.
prescription: Man is
ordained by Allâh
to extend his utmost help and kindness to other family members, relations,
servants and neighbors. Superiority is not derived from class, color, origin
or wealth, but from piety and good deeds alone.
represents one family springing from one and the same father and mother. The
unity of humanity is not only in its origin but also in its ultimate aims.
one’s living through decent labor is not only a duty but a great virtue as
Earning is man’s
private possession. The individual is responsible for the state; and the
state is responsible for the security of the individual.
Islamic economic system is not based on arithmetical calculations alone, but
also on morals and principles. Zakâh or charity given is a cornerstone (see:
to the world empty-handed and departs empty-handed. The real owner of things
alone. Man is simply a trustee. Although Islâm does not hinder private enterprise or
condemn private possessions, it
does not tolerate selfish and greedy capitalism.
adopts a moderate but positive and effective course between individual and
society, between the citizen and the state, between capitalism and socialism,
between materialism and spiritualism.
has set detailed guidance for commercial transactions to guarantee justice
should be earned only through real investment of resources, work or
intellect. Money should not simply reproduce itself. The Islamic substitute
to fixed interest on loans is: business partnership, different types
of which are legislated in Islâm.
encourages giving each other “good” loans without any charge (or
interest) for the sake of help.
sovereignty in the Islamic State belongs to Allâh;
the people exercise it by trust from Him to enforce His laws. The main
mission of the Muslim State is to secure honest application of the Muslim
Society, and to convey the message of Islâm
to all mankind everywhere. Every Muslim, within his own capacity, has a role
in enjoining the right and forbidding the wrong.
is only an acting executive chosen by the people to serve them according to
law. The State is to administer justice and provide security for all
administrators must be chosen from the best qualified citizens. If an
administration betrays the trust of Allâh and the people, it has to be replaced.
that threaten the peace and integrity of the whole society are penalized.
These include murder, terrorism, theft, adultery and homosexuality,
alcoholism and slander.
can administer their personal marriage, divorce, foods and inheritance
according to the Islamic law, if they so wish, or to their own religious
They may opt to
(Islamic tax) or a different tax “tribute” or “Jizyah”. They are
entitled to full protection and security of the state, including freedom of
everywhere has a common origin, human status and aim. Other people’s
interests and rights to life, honor and property are respected, as long as
the rights of Muslims are intact. Transgression is forbidden.
or holy war means extending help to oppressed people, in order to regain
their human rights, so that they can freely choose their own belief and way
of life. Islâm
does not, and never did, force, blackmail or bribe anybody; in order to
convert to Islâm.
On the contrary, Muslims have and are still subjected to various forms of
oppression, atrocity, economic pressures and blackmail to abandon their
faith. Spain, Palestine, India, Burma, Bosnia, Kosova and Chechnia; are only
some historic and contemporary chain of examples. Non-Muslims: Jews and
Christians in Muslim societies, have always enjoyed peaceful life, with their
rights respected and protected.
obligatory if the state security is endangered. During war, destruction of
crops, animals and homes, killing non-fighting women, children and aged
people are all forbidden.
treaties are absolutely respected, unless other parties break them first.
They cannot be absolved for the sake of temporary political or economic