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Chapter 3: Allah has no son

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     It is not befitting for Allah the One and Self-Sufficient to take a wife or a son. Neither is it befitting for Jesus (peace be upon him) to claim that he was the son of god. Such claims were not established until the 4th century A.D., meaning that they could not have been attributed to the disciples of Jesus. Rather, they resisted this idea since its very beginning. In this chapter we will deal with many quotations from the Bible, except the Gospel of John, which hint, literally or by connotation, at the point that Jesus was the son of God.  This will clarify to the reader that such phrases are used metaphorically to refer to prophethood and that they were not addressed to Jesus alone, but to other prophets as well, such as Adam and Jacob, who were similarly addressed, as were the disciples of Jesus and others in general.

Texts from the Torah:

*When men began to increase in number on the earth and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of men...- And also afterward -when the sons of God went to the daughters of men. (Genesis 6:1-4)

*Then say to Pharaoh, ‘This is what the Lord says: Israel is my firstborn son’. (Exodus 4:22)

*You are the children of the Lord your God. (Deuteronomy 14:1)  

 

Texts from the Gospels:  

*That you may be sons of your Father in heaven. (Matthew 5:45)

*Be careful not to do your acts of righteousness’ before men, to be seen by them. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven. (Matthew 6:1)

*So that your giving may be in secret. Then your Father, Who sees what is done in secret, in secret, will reward you. (Matthew 6:4)

*But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. (Matthew 6:6)

*Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him. (Matthew 6:8)

*After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

(Matthew 6:9-13)

*For if you forgive men when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins. (Matthew 6:14-15)

*But when you fast, put oil on your head and wash your face, so that it will not be obvious to men that you are fasting, but only to your Father, who is unseen; and your father who sees what is done in secret, will reward you. (Matthew 6:17-18)

*Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God.

(Matthew 5:9)

*In the same way, let your light shine before men, that they may see your good deeds and praise your Father in heaven.                   (Matthew 5:16)

*Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow or reap or store away in barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. (Matthew 6:26)

*For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them. (Matthew 6:32)

*For it will not be you speaking, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you. (Matthew 6:20)

*And do not call anyone on earth ‘father’, for you have one Father, which is in heaven. (Matthew 23:9)

*And when you stand praying, if you hold anything against anyone, forgive him, so that your Father in heaven may forgive you your sins.

(Mark 11:25 - 26)

*Jesus said, ‘‘Do not hold on to me, for I have not yet returned to the Father. Go instead to my brothers and tell them, I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.’ (John 20:17)

*Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful. (Luke 6:36)

*And he said unto them, When ye pray; say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name, Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth. Give us day by day our daily bread. And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. (Luke 11:2 – 4)

*For the pagan world runs after all such things, and your Father knows that you need them. (Luke 12:13)

*…the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God. (Luke 3:38)

Just as Jesus addressed his people figuratively as the Sons of god, he used the same expression when referring to himself. He also described himself as “the Son of Man” as is shown in the following quotations:

*No one knows about that day or hour, not even the angels in heaven, nor the son, but only the Father. (Matthew 24:36)

*Jesus replied, “Foxes have holes and birds of the air have nests, but the Son of Man has  no place to lay his head.” (Matthew 8: 20)

*Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the desert, so the Son of Man must be lifted up. (John 3:14)

Jesus himself endeavored to correct such a misconception and predicted the fallacies that would be ascribed to him:

*He hath had no beginning , nor will he ever have an end, but to everything hath he given a beginning, and to everything shall he  give an end. He hath no father nor mother. He hath no sons, nor brethren, nor companions. And because God hath no body. therefore he eateth not, sleepeth not, dieth not walketh not. Moveth not, but abideth eternally without human similitude. (Barnabas 17)

*And having said this, Jesus smote his face with both his hands, and then smote the ground with his head. And having raised his head, he said: “Cursed be every one who shall insert into my sayings that I am the son of God.” At these words the disciples fell down as dead , whereupon Jesus lifted them up, saying: “Let us fear God now, if we would not be affrighted in that day[1].” (Barnabas 53)

*Jesus answered: 'And ye; what say ye that I am?' Peter answered: 'Thou art Christ, son of God.' Then was Jesus angry, and with anger rebuked him, saying: “Begone and depart from me, because thou art the devil and seekest to cause me offence!” (Barnabas 70)

*do thou cure eternally every one that shall corrupt my gospel that thou gavest me, when they write that I am thy son. For I, clay and dust, am servant of thy servants, and never have I thought myself to be thy good servant (Barnabas 212)  
 

English Interpretations of Qur’anic verses:  
 

*They say: "Allah hath begotten a son": Glory be to Him, nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: everything renders worship to Him. (2:116)

*The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him "Be": and he was.  (3:59)

*Yet they make the Jinns equals with Allah, though Allah did create the Jinns; and they falsely, having no knowledge, attribute to Him sons and daughters. Praise and glory be to Him! (For He is) above what they attribute to Him! To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth: how can He have a son when He hath no consort? He created all things, and He hath full knowledge of all things.

(5:100-101)

*The Jews call 'Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the Unbelievers of old used to say. Allah's curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!”

(9:30)

*They say, "Allah hath begotten a son!" Glory be to Him! He is Self-Sufficient! His are all things in the heavens and on earth! No warrant have ye for this! Say ye about Allah what ye know not?”

(10:68)

*Say: "Praise be to Allah, Who begets no son, and has no partner in (His) dominion: nor (needs) He any to protect Him from humiliation: yea, magnify Him for His greatness and glory!" (17:111)

*Further, that He may warn those (also) who say, "Allah hath begotten a son": No knowledge have they of such a thing, nor had their fathers. It is a grievous thing that issues from their mouths as a saying: What they say is nothing but falsehood!” (18:4-5)

*Such (was) Jesus the son of Mary: (it is) a statement of truth, about which they (vainly) dispute. It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son. Glory be to Him! When He determines a matter, He only says to it, "Be," and it is. (19:34-35)

They say: "(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten a son!" Indeed ye have put forth a thing most monstrous! As if the skies are ready to burst, the earth to split asunder, and the mountains to fall down in utter ruin. That they should invoke a son for (Allah) Most Gracious. For it is not consonant with the majesty of (Allah) Most Gracious that He should beget a son. Not one of the beings in the heavens and the earth but must come to (Allah) Most Gracious as a servant. (19:88-93)

*And they say: "(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten offspring." Glory to Him! They are (but) servants raised to honour. They speak not before He speaks, and they act (in all things) by His command. He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they offer no intercession except for those who are acceptable, and they stand in awe and reverence of His (glory). If any of them should say, "I am a god besides Him," such a one We should reward with Hell: thus do We reward those who do wrong. (21:26-29)

*No son did Allah beget, nor is there any god along with Him: (if there were many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have Lorded it over others! Glory to Allah! (He is free) from the (sort of) things they attribute to Him! He knows what is hidden and what is open; too high is He for the partners they attribute to Him! (23:91-92)

*He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth: no son has He begotten, nor has He a partner in His dominion: it is He Who created all things, and ordered them in due proportions. (25:2)

*Is it not that they say from their own invention, "Allah has begotten children?" But they are liars! (37:151-152)

*Had Allah wished to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen whom He pleased out of those whom He doth create: but Glory be to Him! (He is above such things.) He is Allah, the One, the Irresistible. (39:4)

*Say: "If (Allah) Most Gracious had a son, I would be the first to worship." Glory to the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of the Throne (of Authority)! (He is free) from the things they attribute (to Him)! (43:81-82)

*And exalted is the Majesty of our Lord: He has taken neither a wife nor a son. (72:3)

*Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten; (112:1-3)

*And (remember) her who guarded her chastity: We breathed into her of Our Spirit, and We made her and her son a Sign for all peoples. (21:91)

*Behold, the Lord said to the angels: "I am about to create man from clay: "When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall ye down in obeisance unto him."  (38:71-71)

*The similitude of Jesus before Allah is as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him "Be": and he was. (3:59)
 

[1]The Resurrection Day