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Q / A
Answering Common Misconceptions

15. Proving the Qur'an is the Word of God

Question:

Salam,

Having acquainted myself with a few learned brothers over the past months, I have to say I am absolutely amazed as to their method of thinking. They have proposed that I conduct a research of my own on rationally proving the Qur’an being the word of God, and they have also asked me to find explicit proof that God created this world.

My questions are therefore related to the two themes mentioned above. How do I really know the Qur’an is the word from Allah? What conditions and criteria must a scripture meet in order to be worthy of divinity?

Secondly, as I am currently studying philosophy, I am aware, of course, of many arguments claiming God does not exist, including those of Hume, Sartre, etc. While such arguments have their own weaknesses and criticisms, the general impression I am getting is that there is just as much proof to say God does not exist, than to say God does exist.

As a Muslim, I believe Allah exists. However, as the Qur'an asks man to ponder over creation, what specific arguments or conclusive evidence could you suggest in explicitly proving with irrefutable proof that:

bulletThe Qur'an is the word of god.
 
bulletThat God exists.

For the second question, I would be grateful if you could recommend any Web sites that include the Islamic refutation of Greek and Western philosophers denying the existence of a creator.

Thank you very much and salam.
 

Answer:

 To prove that the Qur’an is the Word of Allah, you do not have to indulge into futile discussions or philosophical dialect. You have at your disposal a “living material evidence”, the Qur’an itself. Starting with the “null hypothesis”’ i.e. assuming that the Qur’an was not the word of God, one should ask himself: could a human being in the 7th century C.E. write such a book? Or does there exist – to nowadays – any book claimed to match the Qur’an?

 Let us examine the Qur’an more closely. Starting with the content, could the knowledge therein have been within the reach of any human source, i.e. the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), his contemporaries, or the whole human civilization and for several centuries ahead? How could a book revealed at that point of history refer – in precise terms – to scientific phenomena and historical events (prior and posterior) that were unknown or misunderstood before their subsequent verification?

 These Qur’anic references cover such wide spectrum of topics as: the nature of space, relativity of time, shape and motion of earth, role of mountains, water for bio-life, the rain cycle, sources of rivers and groundwater, sea depths, embryology, hygiene and proper health practices, prophecies fulfilled … etc!

 As to the form of the Qur’an, i.e. linguistic and literary features, any strict comparative analysis identifies Qur’an to be not only superior to any other text – preceding or following – including the sayings of the Prophet (SAW) himself who received and delivered the revelation - but also to be (the Qur’an) the most perfect flawless and eloquent composition. This perfection can be witnessed and proved on the levels of: the individual words (semantics), sentence (grammatical and rhetoric) or whole Surahs (chapters). Thorough examination of the Qur’an shows that each of these elements was selected and phrased in the most appropriate manner to fulfill the most precise meaning and most effective impact, whether cognitive, psychological, passionate or phonic, on the reader or listener. The Qur’an challenges mankind, Arabs and non-Arabs, to the end of time, to produce anything like or compared to itself; and so it proved.

 All that said can in itself be enough to answer your second question as to the existence of Allah (SWT). If the Qur’an is the true undisputed word of Allah, then it follows that whatever therein is absolute unquestionable truth.

 Over the millennia, human philosophers failed to agree, through abstract arguments ALONE, on the existence of God, His attributes, and the way He interacts with His creatures; were all futile. Human mind can only observe, measure, compare, correlate and hence theorize, WITHIN the limited capacities created in him, and no more.

 His senses have limits, e.g. he can see only those bodies emanating light in the wavelength range 0.4-0.7 microns, and can hear only those sounds in the frequency range 2500-4000 per second. In time and space his perception is limited by the velocity of light, since the (visible) universe is so wide in scale to be measured in billions of light years (the distance traversed by light in one year). This means that what we will ever see (however advanced our technology be) are only images from the far-deep history. Also, what we can see is essentially no more than an extremely “minute” fraction of the real EXISTENCE.

 We can know Allah as: The Creator and Sustainer of this universe through His detectable creation. The harmonious “intelligent!” physical systems in our bodies and other biological species (plant or animal), in matter in general (viewed at the sub-atomic or cosmic levels) boldly manifests the purposeful design, endless diversity and sustainable precise running of all these systems. Allah only is the One God Who can consistently create and sustain such marvelous harmonious Universe like this, Praise be to Him.

 Abstract philosophical thinking alone could never and can never conclusively prove nor disprove the presence and attributes of God. Proving the existence of God is and should always be beyond the reach of human philosophy. Philosophy cannot – in itself – produce or create knowledge, but only through concrete observations together with sensible percepts can it offer any sound conclusion.

Here are two recommended sites dealing with “Islam and Philosophy”:

Islamic Philosophy

Philosophy of Islam

Other useful links are:

Be Convinced

It is Truth

Islam for Everyone