Q / A
27. More on the Story of Creation
There is more to say
on the previously answered question under the title:
The The question was asked by brother Shafiq saying:
The Qur’an has hinted to to the early stages of the creation of this universe, in concise but precise expressions. Most recent observations and analysis has both shed more light on the significance of these Qur’anic expressions, and gave further support to the authenticity of the the revealed Book of Islam.. The Qur’an says, what means:
· And have not the ones who disbelieved seen that the heavens and the earth were an integrated (mass), then We unseamed them, and of water We have made every living thing? Would they then not believe?
(21, Al-Anbiya’: 30)
· Then He leveled Himself to the Heaven (while) it was smoke, then said to it and to the earth: “Come up (you two) willingly or unwilingly!” They (both) said: “We come up willingly.” (41, Fussilat: 11)
The six days referred to in other verses obviously do not mean our 24 hour days. The 24-hour day is measured as the time of one full rotation of the earth around its own axis, in front of the sun. At the beginning of creation, the celestial bodies including the solar system, was still in the process of formation, and hence it is meaningless to use “24-hour days” as units of time then. What is meant is: six stages, the length and details of these stages are a knowledge of Allah only.
It is noteworthy also that, in the Quran, whenever the earth and the heavens are mentioned in conjunction, the word ‘heavens’ precedes the word ‘earth.’, the same as the order of creation. This consistently occurred in 187 verses. (In two exceptional cases the word heavens is preceded by the word earth, but that was entailed by the context) This is again in accordance with the Qur’anic concept of the creation and with modern science.
It is worthwhile here to contrast this perfect Qur’anic references to the Biblical reference as laid down by the scribes of the Old Testament [Genesis 1,2]:
(In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
And God said, Let there be light: and there was light…And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness…And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.
And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so. And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters ….
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years….And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.
And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, … and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good….
And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.... And the evening and the morning were the sixth day…
Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.
And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made)
Quoting comments of Maurice Bucailles in Qur’an and Modern Science:
“Earlier on, we also noted how perfectly the Qur’an agrees with general, modern ideas on the formation of the Universe, whereas the Biblical narration stands in contradiction to them; the allegory of the primordial waters is hardly tenable, nor is the creation of light on the first day, before the creation of the stars which produce this light; the existence of an evening and a morning before the creation of the Earth; the creation of the Earth on the third day before that of the Sun on the fourth. All these statements are the result of beliefs prevalent at the time this text was written and do not have any other meaning.
None of the preceding statements is acceptable according to modern knowledge. From this point of view, we can measure the enormous gap separating the Bible from the Qur’an.”