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Answering Common Misconceptions

35. What is the Holy Spirit (More)? 

Question:

As-salamu `alaykum.

Id like to ask you about the Holy Spirit (Ghost). For starters, could you tell me what the Holy Spirit is like from an Islamic standpoint? What does it do in this world?

And one more question. Could you tell me what exactly are the differences between Islam and Christianity in terms of the Holy Spirit?

Thank you in advance. Jazaka Allahu khayran.

Answer:

The essence and role of the "Holy Spirit" in both of the authentic Qur'an, and the human writings of the Bible books have been clarified before in this section. Read for example:

What is the Holy Spirit?

What is the Holy Spirit? (Commentary)

Details about Ruh Al-Qudus 

Mary and Angels

To sum up:

-         The Holy Ghost is the Archangel Gabriel who brought the message and support of Allah to all his messengers, Jesus included. He carried glad tidings to Mary of the birth of Jesus without a father, as in Qur'an 19:17-19 and 34-35. The same was the context of the Bible in Mathews 1:18 and Luke 1:26-27. Through him, Jesus was formed in her womb by the Word of Allah: "Be"; the same way as was Adam created from neither a father nor a mother by the same Word of Allah: "Be" (Qur'an 3:59).

-         As a messenger and supporter to prophets, Gabriel was mentioned in Qur'an 16:102 11 and 2:87 (for Prophet Muhammad, SAW), and in 2:253 and 5:110 (for Jesus). We find the same role of the Holy Spirit in the Bible (for Jesus in Mathews 1:18 and in Luke 1:26-27, as above). The Holy Ghost also was quoted as supporting John the Baptist in Luke 1:15, Barnabas in Acts 11:24, and many others as in Acts 5:32.

-         Belief in angels is a basic tenet of the Muslim faith (Qur'an 2:177). They are creatures not recognized by our limited human senses. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Angels were created from light and the jinn from blazing fire. But Adam was created from that which you have been told. (Reported by Muslim)

-         Allah has created Angels to worship Him, to carry out His commands and to be His messengers to His human Prophets. Angels obey Allah in everything. They have different roles determined by Allah; some are delegated to protect human beings from odiousness, others for registering human deeds, bringing victory to the believers etc (e.g. Qur'an 21:26-27, 16:49-50, 37:164-166, 13:11, 43:80, 82:10-12).

-         Angels are honored and respected, but they are neither worshipped nor considered part of the deity, as is the case with the invented "Trinity." The latter concept is a deviation from pure monotheism taught by Moses, Jesus and all prophets of God. It was first introduced, after Jesus, by Paul, Luke, John and by the Church councils in the fourth century. In spite of these changes, both the Old Testament and the Gospels still carry emphatic rejections of associating any entity in worship with Allah (e.g. Exodus 1:3 and Deuteronomy 5:7, Mark 12:29, Matthew 4:10 and may other explicit expressions in both Testaments).

I Hope this could satisfy your query. Salam