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Conduct - Manners

Morals

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Manners

56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67

 

Lesson 60

Neighbors and All Muslims

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Main Points

Proper manners towards neighbors

·  Not to hurt them by words or deeds; not to annoy them by one’s loud voice, scent (of food, for example), or by being curious about their secrets and privacy.

·  Help them when required.

·  Visit them when ill, and sympathize with them in good and hard times.

·  To be good to them[20]

General behavior of Muslims towards each other

·  Shake hands and greet each other with the greeting of Islam: As-Salamu `Alaykum wa Rahmat Allahi wa Barakatuh (Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you,)[21]

·  Visit each other in times of illness and greet each other when sneezing.

·  Give advice; calling for right and forbidding wrong.

·  Love for others what one loves for oneself, and wish them all that is good.

·  Not to harm each other by word or deed.[22]

·  Work for reconciliation.

·  Vindicate and do not disappoint each other.

·  Attend the funerals and accept their oath.

·  Support each other in meeting needs.[2

3]

Proper manners towards neighbors:

Allah says:

]وَاعْبُدُواْ اللّهَ وَلاَ تُشْرِكُواْ بِهِ شَيْئًا وَبِالْوَالِدَيْنِ إِحْسَانًا وَبِذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْيَتَامَى وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْجَارِ ذِي الْقُرْبَى وَالْجَارِ الْجُنُبِ وَالصَّاحِبِ بِالجَنبِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ وَمَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُمْ إِنَّ اللّهَ لاَ يُحِبُّ مَن كَانَ مُخْتَالاً فَخُورًا[
(النساء: 36)

This means: “Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakin (the poor), the neighbor who is near of kin, the neighbor who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allah does not like such as are proud and boastful.” (4, An-Nisa’: 36)

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“That who believes in Allah and the Last Day should do good to his neighbor.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

`A'ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated:

“I said to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him): O Messenger of Allah! I have two neighbors, which of them should I send a present? He said: To the one who lives nearer to you.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“Gabriel impressed upon me (the kind treatment) towards the neighbor (so much) that I thought as if he would soon confer upon him the (right) of inheritance.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (SAWS) said, "He who sleeps sated while his neighbor is hungry beside him and he is aware of that does not believe in my message." [Al-Bazzar].

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“That who believes in Allah and the Last Day should not harm his neighbor.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

A man came asking the Messenger (SAWS), “O Allah’s Messenger,  a woman used to offer her prescribed prayers regularly, kept the prescribed fast and gave alms, but she used to hurt her neighbors with her (abusive) tongue.” The Messenger (SAWS) said, “She is in hellfire.” [Ahmad]

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe! It was said: Who is that Allah's Messenger? He said: That person whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil.” (Reported by Ahmad)

General behavior of Muslims towards each other:

Allah says:

]مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ اللَّهِ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاء عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاء بَيْنَهُم[
(الفتح: 29)

This means: “Muhammad (SAW) is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are severe against disbelievers, and merciful among themselves.” (48, Al-Fath: 29)

Allah says:

]وَاعْتَصِمُواْ بِحَبْلِ اللّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُوا[
(آل عمران: 103)

This means: “And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allah (i.e. this Qur'an), and be not divided among yourselves.” (3, Al-`Imran: 103)

Allah says:

]وَتَعَاوَنُواْ عَلَى الْبرِّ وَالتَّقْوَى وَلاَ تَعَاوَنُواْ عَلَى الإِثْمِ وَالْعُدْوَانِ[
(المائدة: 2)

This means: “Help you one another in Al­Birr and At­Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression.” (5, Al-Ma’idah: 2)

Allah says:

]فَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ وَأَصْلِحُواْ ذَاتَ بِيْنِكُمْ[
(الأنفال: 1)

This means: “So fear Allah and adjust all matters of difference among you.” (8, Al-Anfal: 1)

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“On the Day of Resurrection, Allah, the Exalted, will say: Where are those who have mutual love for My Glory's sake? Today, I shall shelter them in My shade when there is no shade but Mine.” (Reported by Muslim)

Greeting each other:

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Two Muslims will not meet and shake hands without having their sins forgiven (by Allah) before they depart.”
(Reported by Abu Dawud)

The Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“If one starts talking before greeting (you), do not answer him until he starts greeting before talking.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (SAWS) said, "Whoever possesses the following three will possess faith: fairness (even if it is) against your interest, greeting people (whom you know and you do not know) and spending in spite of scantiness." [Al-Bukhariyy]

The visit in the time of illness:

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Every Muslim has five rights over another Muslim (i.e., he has to perform five duties for another Muslim): to return the greetings, to visit the sick, to accompany funeral processions, to accept an invitation, to respond to the sneezer [i.e., to say: Yarhamuka Allah (may Allah bestow His Mercy on you), when the sneezer praises Allah].” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“The rights of the Muslim on his brother Muslim are six: When you meet him, greet him; when he calls you, respond to him; when he seeks counsel, give him advice; when he sneezes and praises Allah, say to him: May Allah have mercy on you; when he is sick, visit him; and when he dies, follow his funeral.”
(Reported by Muslim)

Al-Bara’ Ibn `Azib (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:

“Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) commanded us to do seven things and forbade us to do seven (things). He commanded us to visit the sick, follow the funeral procession, answer the sneezer, fulfill the vow, help the oppressed, accept the invitation and greet everybody.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Visit the sick, feed the hungry, and (arrange for the) release of the captive.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

Love:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“None amongst you is a truthful believer until he likes for his brother (fellow Muslim) which he loves for himself.”
(
Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Do not hanker after what others rave. Do not be jealous of one another and do not nurse enmity against others. Do not severe ties with one another. Be fellow brothers, servants of Allah, as He commanded.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

  Not to harm each other by words or deeds:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Every (of these three things) of a Muslim are (sacred, and thus) inviolable by another Muslim: his honor, blood and property.” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“It is not lawful for a Muslim to terrify another Muslim.”
(
Reported by Abu Dawud)

Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“It is not lawful for a Muslim to severe relations with his Muslim brother beyond three nights. They (may) meet while one turning one way and the other turning to the other way when they meet. The best of the two is the one who is the first to give greeting.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Vindicate and not to disappoint each other:

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Support your brother whether he is an oppressor or an oppressed. A man inquired: O Messenger of Allah! I may help him when he is oppressed, but how can I help him when he commits an oppression? He said: You prevent him from committing oppression. That will be your help to him.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Shall I not inform you of something more excellent in degree than fasting, prayer and charity (Sadaqah)? The people replied: Yes, Prophet of Allah! He said: It is putting things right between people, spoiling this (putting things right) is the shaver (i.e. destroys and removes one’s faith and religion).” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi)

Help:

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“The believers in their mutual kindness, compassion, and sympathy are like the body. If one of the organs is afflicted, the whole body responds to it with wakefulness and fever.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“The one who removes the suffering of a believer out of the sufferings of this worldly life, Allah will relieve him from one of the sufferings of the Day of Resurrection. And the one who pares way for someone who is insolvent, Allah will make things easy for him in the world and in the Hereafter, and the one who veils the faults of a Muslim, Allah will veil his faults in the world and in the Hereafter. Allah supports His servant as long as the servant backs his brother.” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“No (Muslim) man will desert a man who is a Muslim in a place where his respect may be violated and his honor aspersed without Allah deserting him in a place where he wishes His help; and no (Muslim) man who will help a Muslim in a place where his honor may be aspersed and his respect violated without Allah helping him in a place where he wishes His help.”
(Reported by Abu Dawud)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“If you make intercession, you will be rewarded.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)