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Lesson 12
Belief in The Last Day

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Main Points

Belief in the Last Day:

* Death is a decree of Allah since eternity, and could not happen in advance or even be postponed, and Allah only knows when it will occur.[19]

* The Barzakh life is the period of waiting until the Hour comes, it begins with the questions of the two Angels according to which the torture or bliss of the tomb will be determined.[20]

* Belief in the Hour includes the belief in its major and minor signs which the Prophet noted such as corruption and the change of people’s conditions.


Evidence of the Qur'an and Sunnah

Death is a decree of Allah:

Allah says:

]هُوَ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُم مِّن طِينٍ ثُمَّ قَضَى أَجَلاً وَأَجَلٌ مُّسمًّى عِندَهُ[
(الأنعام: 2)

This means: “He it is Who has created you from clay, and then has decreed a stated term (for you to die). And there is with Him another determined term (for you to be resurrected).” (6, Al An`am: 2)

Allah says:

]أَيْنَمَا تَكُونُواْ يُدْرِككُّمُ الْمَوْتُ وَلَوْ كُنتُمْ فِي بُرُوجٍ مُّشَيَّدَةٍ[
(النساء: 78)

This means: “Wheresoever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in fortresses built up strong and high!” (4, An-Nisa’: 78)

Allah says:

]وَلَوْ يُؤَاخِذُ اللّهُ النَّاسَ بِظُلْمِهِم مَّا تَرَكَ عَلَيْهَا مِن دَآبَّةٍ وَلَكِن يُؤَخِّرُهُمْ إلَى أَجَلٍ مُّسَمًّى فَإِذَا جَاء أَجَلُهُمْ لاَ يَسْتَأْخِرُون سَاعَةً وَلاَ يَسْتَقْدِمُونَ[
(النحل: 61)

This means: “And if Allah were to seize mankind for their wrong-doing, He would not leave on it (the earth) a single moving (living) creature, but He postpones them for an appointed term and when their term comes, neither can they delay nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment).”
(16, An-Nahl: 61)

Allah says:

]وَمَا تَدْرِي نَفْسٌ بِأَيِّ أَرْضٍ تَمُوتُ[
(لقمان: 34)

This means: “And no person knows in what land he will die.”
(31, Luqman: 34)

The torture of the grave:

Allah says:

]وَحَاقَ بِآلِ فِرْعَوْنَ سُوءُ الْعَذَابِ. النَّارُ يُعْرَضُونَ عَلَيْهَا غُدُوًّا وَعَشِيًّا وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ أَدْخِلُوا آلَ فِرْعَوْنَ أَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ[
(غافر: 45 - 46)

This means: “While an evil torment encompassed Fir'awn's (Pharaoh) people. The Fire; they are exposed to it, morning and afternoon, and on the Day when the Hour will be established (it will be said to the angels): "Cause Fir'awn's (Pharaoh) people to enter the severest torment!''
(40, Ghafir: 45 - 46)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“When anyone of you dies, he is shown his place both in the morning and in the evening. If he is one of the people of Paradise; he is shown his place in it, and if he is of the people of the Hell-Fire; he is shown his place therein. Then, it is said to him, ‘This is your place till Allah resurrect you on the Day of Resurrection.’” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The great signs of the Hour:

Allah says:

]إِذَا السَّمَاء انشَقَّتْ[
(الإنشقاق: 1)

This means: “When the heaven is split asunder.” (84, Al-Inshiqaq: 1)

Allah says:

]إِذَا السَّمَاء انفَطَرَت[
(الإنفطار: 1)

This means: “When the heaven is cleft asunder.” (82, Al-Infitar: 1)

Allah says:

]إِذَا الشَّمْسُ كُوِّرَتْ. وَإِذَا النُّجُومُ انكَدَرَتْ[
(التكوير: 1 – 2)

This means: “When the sun Kuwwirat (wound round and lost its light). And when the stars shall be turbid.” (81, At-Takwir: 1 - 2)

Allah says:

]وَإِذَا الْكَوَاكِبُ انتَثَرَتْ[
(الإنفطار: 2)

This means: “And when the plants have fallen and scattered.”
(82, Al-Infitar: 2)

Allah says:

]وَإِذَا الْبِحَارُ فُجِّرَتْ[
(الإنفطار: 3)

This means: “And when the seas are burst forth.” (82, Al-Infitar: 3)

Allah says:

]وَإِذَا السَّمَاء كُشِطَتْ[
(التكوير: 11)

This means: “And when the heaven shall be stripped off.”
(81, At-Takwir: 11)

Allah says:

]يَوْمَ نَطْوِي السَّمَاء كَطَيِّ السِّجِلِّ لِلْكُتُب[
(الأنبياء: 104)

This means: “And (remember) the Day when We shall roll up the heavens like a scroll rolled up for books.” (21, Al-Anbiya’: 104)

Allah says:

]فَإِذَا انشَقَّتِ السَّمَاء فَكَانَتْ وَرْدَةً كَالدِّهَان[
(الرحمن: 37)

This means: “Then when the heaven is rent asunder, and it becomes rosy or red like red-oil, or red hide.” (55, Ar-Rahman: 37)

Allah says:

]وَإِذَا وَقَعَ الْقَوْلُ عَلَيْهِمْ أَخْرَجْنَا لَهُمْ دَابَّةً مِّنَ الأرْضِ تُكَلِّمُهُمْ[
(النمل: 82)

This means: “And when the Word (of torment) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out from the earth a beast to them, which will speak to them.” (27, An-Naml: 82)

Allah says:

]حَتَّى إِذَا فُتِحَتْ يَأْجُوجُ وَمَأْجُوجُ وَهُم مِّن كُلِّ حَدَبٍ يَنسِلُونَ[
(الأنبياء: 96)

This means: “Until, when Ya'juj and Ma'juj (Gog and Magog) are let loose (from their barrier), and they swiftly swarm from every mound.” (21, Al-Anbiya’: 96)