Sources - Qur'an
is to learn how to utter the Qur’anic words, understand their meanings in the
context of the verse structure, explain the meanings of the verses, and deduce
the rulings and wisdom behind them. As for “figurative interpretation”, it
is the scholar’s opinion through deduction from similar words and verses.
of exegesis are: explaining the Qur’an with the Qur’an, explaining the
Qur’an with Hadith, and explaining according to the opinion of those who have
mastered linguistics, the sciences of the Qur’an, the fundamentals of Fiqh
(religious understanding), and the methods of the previous interpreters.
the scholars of exegesis via Hadith are: At-Tabari, Ibn Kathir, and As-Siyuti.
The most well-known scholars of exegesis by opinion are: Ar-Razi, Al-Baydawi,
As-Siyuti (in Al-Jalalain), Az-Zamakhshari, Al-Qurtubi, Al-Alusi, An-Nasafi, Al-Khazin,
of the well-known modern books of exegesis are those by: the Supreme Council of
Islamic Affairs, Cairo, Muhammad Rashid Rida, Sayyid Qutb, Abul-A`la Al-Mawdudi
and `A’ishah `Abdur-Rahman.
The text of the Qur’an can never be translated into
another language, i.e., to be used in worship or to deduce rulings therefrom.
However, the meanings of the Qur’an can be translated according to the
translator’s command of understanding and conveying the meaning.