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Worship - Purification

Purification Praying
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
  Zakah   Fasting   Pilgrimage  
43 44 45 46 47 48


Lesson 33

Bathing

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Main Points

                  ·    Having a bath to completely purify oneself is obligatory for Junub (being in a state of major ritual impurity) the cause of which is sexual intercourse or the emission of semen, after the menstrual period or post-natal bleeding has finished, and for a newly converted Muslim.    

     ·  Having a bath to completely purify oneself is praiseworthy, for Friday Prayer (congregation), and when entering the state of ritual consecration (Ihram), entering Makkah or standing on mount `Arafat.

        ·    In order to be considered completely pure, one must wash the whole body with water, rubbing whenever necessary to remove impurities, letting the water reach and penetrate every part between the fingers and toes, hair, navel and so on.

        ·          The Sunnah actions concerning bathing:

a) Mentioning the Name of Allah.

b) Cleaning the two palms with water.

c) Cleaning any impurity.

d) Rinsing the mouth , inhaling the water, and cleaning the ears internally.

e) Beginning with washing the organs of ablution except for the legs.

        ·           It is offensive (when having a bath) to excessively waste water, use stagnant water, or be in an impure or open place.[8]

        ·           While being in a state of Janabah, it is prohibited to recite Qur’an or touch it, pray, or enter mosques unless being a wayfarer.[9]


 

Evidence from Qur'an and Sunnah

 

Having a purificatory bath because of Janabah is obligatory:

Allah says:

]وَإِن كُنتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا[
(المائدة: 6)

This means: “And if you are in a state of Janabh (i.e. had a sexual discharge), purify yourself (bathe your whole body).” (5, Al-Ma’idah: 6)

Allah says:

]وَلاَ جُنُبًا إِلاَّ عَابِرِي سَبِيلٍ حَتَّىَ تَغْتَسِلُوا[
(النساء: 43)

This means: “Nor when you are in a state of Janabah, (i.e. in a state of sexual impurity and have not yet taken a bath) except when travelling on the road (without enough water, or just passing through a mosque), till you wash your whole body.” (4, An-Nisa’: 43)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“When anyone sits amidst four parts (of the woman) and the (circumcised) parts touch each other, a bath becomes obligatory.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Having a bath because of menstruation and after giving birth:

Allah says:

]فَاعْتَزِلُواْ النِّسَاء فِي الْمَحِيضِ وَلاَ تَقْرَبُوهُنَّ حَتَّىَ يَطْهُرْنَ[
(البقرة: 222)

This means: “Therefore keep away from women during menses and go not unto them till they are purified (from menses and have taken a bath).” (2, Al-Baqarah: 222)

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said to Fatimah Bint Hubaysh:

“Remain away (from prayer) equal (to the length of time) that your menses prevented you. After this (after the period of usual courses), bathe yourself and offer prayer.” (Reported by Muslim)

Newly converted Muslims:

It was narrated that: “the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) ordered Thumamah Al-Hanafi, newly converted to Islam as he was, to have a purificatory bath.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Desirable purificatory bath:

Friday:

Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“Taking a bath on Friday is essential for every adult person.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Undesirable acts of having a purificatory bath:

To extravagantly use water:

“The Prophet (peace be upon him) used to take a bath with a Sa` (a measure equivalent to four Mudds, three liters approx.) (of water) and perform ablution with a Mudd (A measure of two thirds of a liter of water, approx.).” (Reported by Muslim)

Bathing in open places:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Allah is characterized by modesty and concealment. So, when any of you washes, he should conceal himself.”
(Reported by Abu Dawud)

Things that a Junub should not do:

Reciting Qur’an:

`Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) said:

“The Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) came out from the privy and taught us the Qur’an and ate meat with us. Nothing prevented him; or the narrator said: Nothing prevented him from (reciting) the Qur’an except sexual defilement.” (Reported by Abu Dawud)

Entering mosques and performing prayers:

Allah says:

]لاَ تَقْرَبُواْ الصَّلاَةَ وَأَنتُمْ سُكَارَى حَتَّىَ تَعْلَمُواْ مَا تَقُولُونَ وَلاَ جُنُبًا إِلاَّ عَابِرِي سَبِيلٍ حَتَّىَ تَغْتَسِلُواْ[ (النساء: 43)

This means: “Approach not As­Salah (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state until you know (the meaning) of what you utter, nor when you are in a state of Janabah (i.e. in a state of sexual impurity and have not yet taken a bath) except when travelling on the road (without enough water, or just passing through a mosque), till you wash your whole body.” (4, An-Nisa’: 43)

Touching the Qur’an:

Allah says:

]لا يَمَسُّهُ إِلا الْمُطَهَّرُون[
(الواقعة: 79)

This means: “Which (that Book with Allah) none can touch but the purified.” (56, Al-Waqi`ah: 79)