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Worship - Praying

Purification Praying
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
  Zakah   Fasting   Pilgrimage  
43 44 45 46 47 48

Lesson 37

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Main Points

        ·        It is permitted for the person who is praying to drive away those passing in front of him, straighten the row, audibly remind the Imam if he forgets, move his palm to reply a greeting, clear the throat, yawn, scratch, reform his dress but not to do these acts excessively, and kill a scorpion or a snake if one appears.

       ·   It is offensive in prayers to turn one’s head or eyes around, or raise the sight upward, make vain gestures or movements with garments, hair or anything else, put one’s hand in one’s waist (Takhassur), try to resist urine or feces, pray in the presence of food, sit on one’s heels and spread the two arms, or recite the Qur’an while bowing or prostrating.[8]

        ·     Prayer is nullified by the following:

a) Leaving out any of its obligatory elements

b) Speaking unless for correction

c) Eating or drinking

d) Laughing aloud

e) Excessive movement.

Some Schools of Jurisprudence added:

f) Remembering that one forgot the performance of a previous obligatory prayer

e) The great Sahw (forgetting) by excessive increase in the number of Rak`ahs[9]

        ·        If one forgets during prayers, by increasing or leaving out any of the confirmed Sunnahs, he should prostrate twice before greeting; the one who greets before finishing his prayer should immediately finish it and prostrate after greeting.[10]


Evidence from Qur'an and Sunnah

Things permitted for the person in prayer:

Reminding the Imam loudly if he forgets:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“If something happens during prayer, you should say Subhan Allah (Glory be to Allah).” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Driving away persons who pass in front of those who perform prayers:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“If anybody amongst you is praying behind something as a Sutrah (i.e., some things that prevents people from passing before him) and somebody tries to pass in front of him, then he should repulse him and if he refuses, he should use force against him for he is a Shaytan (a devil).’”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Straightening the row:

It was narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) turned Ibn `Abbas from his left side to his right side when he was praying beside him. (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

  Moving the palm to reply greeting:

At-Tirmidhi reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) moved his palm to reply the greetings of others while performing prayers.

Killing insects and the like if the person who performs prayers is exposed to them:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Kill the two black things during prayer, the snake and scorpion.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi)

Offensive acts in prayers:

Turning around:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“It (turning around) is something which the devil snatches from the prayer of a servant.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said:

“How is it that the people raise their eyes towards the sky during prayer? He stressed and added, ‘People must refrain from raising up their looks towards heaven during prayer. Otherwise their sights will certainly be snatched.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Putting one’s hand in one’s waist (Takhassur):

Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:

“It was forbidden to pray with the hands over one's waist.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Vain gestures:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Be calm in prayer.” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“I have been commanded to prostrate on seven (bones), and not to fold back the hair or the clothing.” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“When one of you gets up to pray, he must not remove pebbles, for mercy is facing him.” (Reported by Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi)

The resistance of urine and feces, and the presence of food:

The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“No prayer should be performed while the food is being served, or while a person is in need of relieving himself.”
(Reported by Muslim)

  Undesirable way of sitting:

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated:

“He (the Prophet) prohibited the devil’s way of sitting on the heels, and he forbade people to spread out their arms like a wild beast.” (Reported by Muslim)

Reciting Qur’an while bowing and prostrating:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“And see that I have been forbidden to recite the Qur'an in the state of bowing and prostration.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Nullifiers of prayers:

Leaving out one or more of its obligatory elements:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to a man:

“Go back and repeat your Salah because you have not performed the Salah (properly).” (Reported by Muslim)

Speaking except for correction:

Allah says:

]وَقُومُواْ لِلّهِ قَانِتِينَ[
(البقرة: 238)

This means: “And stand before Allah with obedience.” (2, Al-Baqarah: 238)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Talking to persons is not fitting during the prayer.”
(Reported by Muslim)

Eating and drinking:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“In the prayer, one is occupied (with a more serious matter).”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari)

Laughing loudly:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Smile does not interrupt prayer, but it is interrupted by guffaw.”
(Reported by Al-Bayhaqi)

Prostration due to forgetfulness:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“When one of you is in doubt about his prayer, and does not know how much he has prayed, three or four Rak`ahs, he should pray one (additional) Rak`ah and make two prostrations while sitting before giving the salutation. If the (additional) Rak`ah which he prayed is the fifth one, he will make it an even number by these two prostrations. If it is the fourth one, the two prostrations will be a disgrace for the devil.” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Anyone who is in doubt in his prayer should make two prostrations after giving the salutation.” (Reported by An-Nasa’i and Abu Dawud)