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Worship - Purification

Purification Praying
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
  Zakah   Fasting   Pilgrimage  
43 44 45 46 47 48

Lesson 48
Integrals (2) - Other Rites

Watch / Listen: Video Browse: PowerPoint Download / Print: Word  

 

Main Points


Sa`y  - Hastening between As-Safa and Al-Marwah  

      · The conditions of Sa`y are to have an intention, to perform it after a correctly made Tawaf (whether a pillar [rite] or obligatory), and to complete seven consecutive rounds, starting from As-Safa.

        ·   The Sunnahs of Sa`y are to stand on As-Safa and Al-Marwah saying Allahu Akbar (Allah is Greatest) and a certain supplication on every round. Sa`y rounds must come immediately after each other, hastening one’s strides between the 'green pillars' for physically fit men.

        ·   Among the good manners of Sa`y are purification and being occupied with supplication.

Standing on mount `Arafah and the remaining Hajj Rites:

     · To stay with the intention of Hajj at `Arafah from the midday of the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah to the dawn of the following day (day of immolation)

        · Among the obligatory elements of Hajj are: to stay in `Arafah after midday to sunset, spend the night of the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah at Muzdalifah where pebbles are picked up and thrown on the day of immolation (a set of seven pebbles thrown at Al-`Aqabah pillar) and then to shave or cut one’s hair short, spend two (for the one in a hurry), or three nights at Mina (a Sunnah for Hanafi School), throw three (sets of seven) pebbles (at the three pillars) after midday on every day of Tashriq (two or three days following immolation), and finally perform the farewell circumambulation (Tawaf Al-Wada`) (except for the Maliki School)

        ·   Sunnahs of Hajj are to go to Mina on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah and spend the night of the 9th, to perform the five prayers there, to shorten and combine the Noon and Afternoon prayers with the Imam at Namirah mosque before staying at `Arafah, to postpone the Sunset prayer to be combined with the Evening prayer at Muzdalifah, to face the Ka`bah at Al-Mash`ar Al-Haram until the time of traveling, and to follow the sequence of throwing Al-`Aqabah pebbles, immolation, shaving, and finally Tawaf Al-Ifadah which is to be performed before the sunset of the day of immolation.

        · It is recommended for the pilgrim to visit the Prophet's Mosque (peace be upon him) and other sights in Madinah.

        · If one has entered the state of Ihram, and then for a valid reason was unable to enter Makkah or stay at `Arafah, he must slaughter an animal and send it to the Ka`bah before concluding the Ihram.

        · The pilgrim can combine Hajj and `Umrah in two ways:

           a) Hajj Al-Qiran: To enter into Ihram for Hajj and `Umrah and to perform the rites of each before breaking the Ihram

          b) Hajj At-Tamattu`: To enter into Ihram for the rites of `Umrah then break it, then re-enter the state of Ihram for Hajj.

In both cases, the pilgrim has to either slaughter an animal, or fast for three days during Hajj and seven days after returning home.

        ·   It is an obligatory Sunnah for the capable non-pilgrim to slaughter a sheep, in order to revive the enactment of the Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him), on the morning after the Feast prayer. It is recommended that a third of the sacrificial animal be eaten, a third be given as gifts, and a third be given as charity. It is possible for all of it to be devoted to charity.


 

Evidence from Qur'an and Sunnah

 

Sa`y (walking between As-Safa and Al-Marwah):

Allah says:

]إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللّهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّف بِهِمَا[ (البقرة: 158)

This means: “Verily! As-Safa and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the Symbols of Allah. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or 'Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House (the Ka'bah at Makkah) to perform the going (Tawaf) between them (As-Safa and Al-Marwah).”
(2, Al-Baqarah: 158)

The Prophet (SAWS) said, "Walk (between As-Safa and Al-Marwah) , as surely Allah has prescribed it for you”. [Ahmad]

Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:

“The Prophet (peace be upon him) raised his voice in Talbiyah for Hajj. When he came (to Mecca), he went round the House (the Ka`bah) and between As-Safa and Al-Marwah.” (Reported by Ahmad)

Invocation on As-Safa and Al-Marwah:

“None has the right to be worshipped but Allah; He is One and has no partner. All the kingdom is for Him, and all the praises are for Him, and He is Omnipotent. None has the right to be worshipped but Allah. He has kept up His promise and made His slave (the Prophet) victorious, and He Alone defeated all the clans of (non-believers).” (Reported by Muslim)

Good manners of Sa`y:

The Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Going round the House (the Ka`bah), running between As-Safa and Al-Marwah, and lapidation of the pillars are meant for the remembrance of Allah.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi)

Standing on `Arafah:

Ya`mar Ad-Dayli (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:

“So he (a man) called the Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him), saying: How is Hajj done? He (the Prophet) ordered a man (to reply). He shouted loudly: The Hajj, the Hajj is `Arafah (i.e. standing on mount `Arafah on the Day of `Arafah).” (Reported by Abu Dawud)

The rest of the integrals of Hajj:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Learn your rituals (by seeing me performing them).” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Receive (teaching) from me.” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Stand where you are performing your devotions for you are an heir to the heritage of Abraham.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“O people! Proceed calmly. No virtue lies in rushing.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“None amongst you should depart until he performs the last circumambulation round the House (Ka`bah).” (Reported by Muslim)

Madinah:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Ibrahim declared Mecca as sacred and I declare sacred the area between its two stony grounds (lava lands, by which he meant Madinah).” (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Madinah is a sanctuary from (the mountain of) `A’ir to Thawr, therefore, whoever innovates (in it) an heresy or commits a sin, or gives shelter to such an innovator, will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all people; and none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted.” (Reported by Abu Dawud)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Its (Madinah's) fresh grass is not to be cut, its game is not to be driven away, and things dropped in it are to be picked up by one who publicly announces it, and it is not permissible for any man to carry weapons in it for fighting, and it is not advisable that its trees are cut except what a man cuts for the fodder of his camel.” (Reported by Abu Dawud)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Verily, Belief returns and goes back to Madinah as a snake returns and goes back to its hole (when in danger).” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (SAWS) said, "Whoever is capable of dying (stay until he dies) in Madinah should do so, as indeed I will intercede for the one who dies in it." [Ibn-Majah].

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Madinah is like a pair of bellows (furnace): It expels its impurities and brightens and clears its good.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Madinah is best for them if they knew. No one leaves it due to dislike of it without Allah putting in it someone better than him in place of him; and no one will stay there in spite of its hardships and distress without my being an intercessor or witness on behalf of him on the Day of Resurrection.” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“None plots against the people of Madinah but that he will be dissolved (destroyed) like the salt is dissolved in water.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“None should nurse ill will towards the people of Madinah, or Allah will melt him in fire like the melting of lead or the dissolution of salt in water.” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophetic Mosque:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Do not travel (for visiting) except for three mosques: Al-Masjid Al-Haram (in Mecca), my mosque (in Madinah), and Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem).” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“One prayer in my Mosque is better than one thousand prayers in any other mosque except for Al-Masjid Al-Haram.” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Between my house and the pulpit there is a garden of the gardens of Paradise.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (SAWS) said, "Whoever prays in this Masjid of mine forty prayers consecutively without missing one of them, it will be written for him an innocence from Hellfire, and a salvation from the Torment, and will be free from hypocrisy." [Ahmad]

Pilgrims enclosed from entering Mecca for severe reasons:

Allah says:

]فَإِنْ أُحْصِرْتُمْ فَمَا اسْتَيْسَرَ مِنَ الْهَدْي[
(البقرة: 196)

This means: “But if you are prevented (from completing them), sacrifice a Hady (animal, i.e. a sheep, a cow, or a camel) such as you can afford.” (2, Al-Baqarah: 196)

Conditions of being enclosed from entering Mecca:

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to Duba`ah Bint Az-Zubayr, who was an ailing woman:

“Enter into the state of Ihram (uttering these words) of condition: I would be free from it (i.e. be free from the state of Ihram) when You would detain me.” (Reported by Muslim)

Sacrifice:

Allah says:

]فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَر[
(الكوثر: 2)

This means: “Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only).” (108, Al-Kauthar: 2)

`A’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) narrated:

“Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) commanded that a ram with black legs, black belly and black (circles) round the eyes should be brought to him, so that he should sacrifice it. He said to me ('A’ishah): Give me the large knife, and then said: Sharpen it on a stone. I did that. He then took it (the knife) and then the ram; he placed it on the ground and then sacrificed it.” (Reported by Muslim)

According to Abu Ayyub Al-Ansriyy, "At the time of the Prophet (SAWS), a man would sacrifice a sheep on the behalf of himself and his household." [Ibn-Majah and at-Tirmidhy]The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“The son of Adam does not perform any deed more beloved to Allah on the Day of Sacrifice than shedding blood (of a sacrificial animal). He will come on the Day of Resurrection with its (sacrificial animal) horns, hoofs, and hairs. The blood (of the sacrificial animal) is shed in a place (i.e. near) to Allah, the Glorified and the Exalted, before it is shed on the earth. So, be pleased with it.” (Reported by Ibn Majah and At-Tirmidhi)

It was narrated:

“The Companions said to the Prophet (peace be upon him), ‘What about these sacrificial animals?’ The Prophet said, ‘(It is) the Sunnah of your father Ibrahim.’ They said, ‘What do we have (as a reward from Allah) for them, Messenger of Allah?’ The Prophet responded, ‘For every single hair you have a virtue recorded to your credit.’ They asked, ‘What about wool, Messenger of Allah?’ The Prophet responded, ‘For every single hair of the wool you have a virtue recorded to your credit.’ (Reported by Ibn Majah)

The Prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Sacrifice only a grown-up animal, unless it is difficult for you, in which case sacrifice a ram (of even less than a year, but more than six months' age).” (Reported by Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

Four (types of animals) should be avoided in sacrifice: A One-eyed animal which has obviously lost the sight of one eye, a sick animal which is obviously sick, a lame animal which obviously limps and an animal with a broken leg with no marrow.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before the prayer, he just slaughtered it for himself, and whoever slaughtered it after the prayer, he slaughtered it at the right time and followed the tradition of the Muslims.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“You may eat, preserve, and give in charity.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

`Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated:

“The Prophet offered one hundred Budnahs as Hady and ordered me to distribute their meat (in charity) and I did so. Then, he ordered me to distribute their covering sheets in charity and I did so. Then, he ordered me to distribute their skins in charity and I did so.”
(Reported by Al-Bukhari)